- New Brunswick is the only officially bilingual province in Canada, with French and English as the two official languages since 1969.
- New Brunswick was one of the first provinces, along with Ontario, Québec, and Nova Scotia, to join together to form the Dominion of Canada in 1867.
- The New Brunswick Museum is Canada’s first museum, established in 1842 in Saint John.
- New Brunswick has 9 provincial parks and 2 national parks.
- New Brunswick’s Bay of Fundy coastline is home to the highest tides in the world.
- The population of New Brunswick is approximately 770,000 people.
- About 83% of New Brunswick is forested.
- Grand Manan Island is the dulse capital of the World.
- New Brunswick is home to over 60 lighthouses, both coastal and inland river lighthouses.
- There are over 55 covered bridges remaining in the province, including the World’s Longest Covered Bridge in Hartland, NB.
- The University of New Brunswick is tied as being the oldest University in North America, with the University of Georgia.
The People Of NB
The lands of the New Brunswick region have been home for thousands of years to several First Nations groups, most prominently the Maliseet (Wolastoqiyik), Mi’kmaq, and the Passamaquoddy. (Map of First Nations communities in New Brunswick)
The early French pioneers established settlements at the head of the Bay of Fundy and up the St. John River Valley as far as present-day Fredericton and called the entire Maritime region Acadia. French settlers arrived in the 17th and 18th centuries, their descendants are known today as Acadians.
After many conflicts between the French and British empires in the 1600’s, the region was ceded to the British in 1710. in 1755, more than 5,000 Acadians were forced into excile and many settled in the northern region of NB, known as the Acadian Peninsula.
Refugees fleeing the American Revolution, loyal the British Crown, arrived in the Saint John region in the 1780’s. The loyalists were not only British, but German, Dutch and Black Loyalists as well.
Scottish and Irish settlers began to settle in NB in the 1800’s, many making their way to Saint John and the Miramichi regions.
Today New brunswick is home to many immigrants from around the world. New Brunswick welcomes thousands of newcomers every year.
Businesses In NB
New Brunswick is home to many unique and long-running businesses. These are just a few of the long time family-owned, community run businesses started right here in New Brunswick. (we will continue to add to this list)
- Ganong Bros., Ltd – Established in 1873, Ganong is Canada’s oldest chocolate and candy company.
- Connors Brothers Limited – Established in 1885. Connors Brothers Limited in Black’s Harbour runs the largest sardine company in the world.
- Irving Oil Ltd. – Established in 1924. The first Irving garage and service station was opened by K.C Irving in Bouctouche, New Brunswick in 1924. In the 1920s, he moved to Saint John to take on the Ford dealership and later opened the Golden Ball garage. In 1960, the Irving Oil Refinery started production and is Canada’s largest oil refinery today.
- McCain Foods Ltd. – Established in Florenceville in 1957, they are one of the largest manufacturers of frozen French fries.
- Rinzler’s Meats – Established in 1964. Starting as a butcher, this local grocery and meat store has been privately owned and operated since day one.
- Cooke Aquaculture Inc. – Established in 1985. Cooke Aquaculture started as a family-owned fish farm in Kelly Cove, NB. Incorporated in 1993, they are now a global leader in the seafood industry.
- Sabian Cymbals – Located in Meductic, Sabian is one of the first cymbal manufacturing companies in North America.
Pet Friendly NB